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The normal distribution is commonly used to understand population factor distributions. The normal distribution has become a standard of reference for many probability problems because it accurately approximates numerous natural phenomena.
The Normal/Gaussian Distribution is a bell-shaped graph that includes the mean and standard deviation. It’s a symmetrical data set layout in which the majority of values cluster in the mean and the rest taper off symmetrically to extreme. The characteristic is influenced by a variety of genetic and environmental variables.
The central limit theory states that various independent causes influence a particular attribute, and the normal distribution follows this idea. The normalized total of these individual components tends to produce a Gaussian distribution when they all contribute to an event.
Here are 9 examples of some Real- Life Normal Distributions:
The population’s height is an example of normal distribution. The majority of people in a particular population are of average height. The number of persons who are higher or shorter than the average height is nearly equal, and only a small percentage of people are extraordinarily tall or short. Height, on the other hand, is not a single trait; it is influenced by a number of hereditary and environmental factors. As a result, it conforms to the normal distribution.
A fair dice roll is also an excellent example of normal distribution. In an experiment, it was discovered that when a dice is rolled 100 times, the chances of getting ‘1’ are 15-18%, and when the dice is rolled 1000 times, the chances of getting ‘1’ are the same, averaging 16.7% (1/6). There are 36 different combinations if we roll two dice at the same time. The likelihood of rolling a ‘1’ (of of six potential combinations) averages around 16.7%, or (6/36). The normal distribution graph will become more complex as the number of dice increases.
One of the oldest strategies for resolving disagreements is to flip a coin. Before a contest or game, we’ve all flipped a coin. The perceived fairness of tossing a coin comes from the notion that it has an equal chance of landing on either side. Heads have a 50% probability of appearing, while tails have a 50% chance of appearing. When we add them together, we get one. Even if we toss the coins several times, the probability of receiving heads or tails will always be 1.
In this day of increased competition, most parents and children are interested in determining their Intelligent Quotient level. The IQ of a population is a normal distribution curve, which means that the IQ of the majority of persons in the population is in the normal range, while the IQ of the rest is in the deviated range.
The majority of us have heard of the stock market’s rise and decrease in share prices.
Whether it’s from our parents or the news, we’ve all heard about stock prices falling and rising. The log values of Forex rates, price indexes, and stock prices typically form a bell-shaped curve. Volatility is a term used to describe the standard deviation of stock returns. If the returns are normally distributed, more than 99 percent of them should fall within the mean value’s deviations. Analysts and investors can make statistical inferences about the expected return and risk of stocks using the bell-shaped normal distribution’s properties.
A country’s income is determined by long-term politics and governance. It is up to them to decide how revenue is distributed between the rich and poor. We are all aware that the population of the middle class is slightly higher than that of the rich and poor. As a result, the middle-class population’s earnings are equal to the mean of the normal distribution curve.
Have you ever wondered what would have occurred if Cinderella’s glass slipper had been left at the prince’s mansion and fit the feet of another woman? He would have married another woman in the end. It was one of the funniest misconceptions we’d ever encountered. Female shoe sales by size are normally distributed, according to data collected in the United States, because most women’s physical makeup is almost the same.
A newborn’s normal birth weight ranges from 2.5 to 3.5 kg. The majority of babies have a normal birthweight, with only a small minority having a weight that is higher or lower than the average. As a result, birth weight follows the normal distribution curve as well.
Schools nowadays use social media and television to promote their performances. They present their school’s average outcome and persuade parents to enroll their children there. The average academic achievement of all pupils is calculated by school officials, and in most situations, it follows the normal distribution curve. The typical clever student is more numerous than the majority of other students.
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Many things closely follow a Normal Distribution:
– heights of people
– size of things produced by machines
– errors in measurements
– blood pressure
– marks on a test
A normal distribution is a very important statistical data distribution pattern occurring in many natural phenomena, such as height, blood pressure, lengths of objects produced by machines, etc. Certain data, when graphed as a histogram (data on the horizontal axis, amount of data on the vertical axis), creates a bell-shaped curve known as a normal curve, or normal distribution.
Normal distributions are symmetrical with a T-single central peak at the mean (average) of the data. The shape of the curve is described as bell-shaped with the graph falling off evenly on either side of the mean. Fifty percent of the distribution lies to the left of the mean and fifty percent lies to the right of the mean.
The spread of a normal distribution is controlled by the standard deviation, The smaller the standard deviation the more concentrated the data.
The mean and the median are the same in a normal distribution.