UT at Arlington Match the Definitions with The Appropriate Term Anatomy Worksheet

Match the definitions with the appropriate term1.) a) strain b) open-packed position c) hypermobility d) hypomobility c) arthrokinematic motion
d) sprain e) closed-packed position
An injury involving the stretching or tearing of a muscle or tendon sprain
Most commonly refers to a stretch or tear (or both) of a ligament or other noncontractile connective
tissue strain
A restrictive range of joint mobility hypomobility
The small, generally unseen movements occurring between the articulating surfaces of joints
arthrokinematics motion
An excess range of joint motion hypermobility
When a joint’s surfaces have the greatest amount of contact and the ligaments joint capsule are taut
closed-packed position
When a joint’s surfaces have the least amount of contact, the ligaments are lax and the joint cavity
contains the greatest volume of fluid open-packed position
2) fibroblast is a type of cell that synthesis the extracellular matrix and collagen.
a) elastin fiber b) reticular fiber c) osteoblast d) fascial tissue e) fibroblast f) macrophage
3.) elastin fiber is a protein in connective tissue that is elastic and allows many tissues in the body to
resume their shape after stretching or contracting.
a) elastin fiber b) osteoblast c) reticular fiber d) macrophage e) fibroblast
4.) tensile strength is the ability to the pulled in two different directions.
a) plasticity b) fascial tissue c) tensile strength d) creep e) thixotropic f) elasticity
5.) creep is the gradual change in shape that occurs when tissues are subjected to a slow, continuous
force from either compression, tension, or twisting.
a) plasticity b) elasticity c) creep d) thixotropic e) stretch
6) collagen fiber is (are) a group of naturally occurring proteins found in animals, especially the flesh and
connective tissues of vertebrates.
a) macrophages b) collagen fiber c) osteoblasts d) elastin fibers e) fibroblasts f) reticular fibers
Match the definitions with the appropriate term
7) a) coordination b) symmetrical c) fiber d) statics e) colloidal f) dynamics g) creep h) kinematics
i) elastic j) balance k) cell l) kinesiology m) mobility n) kinetics o) kinetic chain p) proportion
q) stability
corresponding in size to something else proportion
the study of forces that act on the body to generate or alter motion dynamics
the organization of different elements coordination
the analysis of movement in terms of mechanical elements kinematics
the study of movement kinesiology
aspects of nonmoving (or virtually nonmoving) systems statics
a movement pattern’s predictable sequence kinetic chain
the even distribution of weight balance
the ability to be firmly fixed or supported stability
aspects of moving system kinematics
comprised of exactly similar parts facing each other symmetrical
the ability to move mobility
8) elasticity is the ability to lengthened without being damaged.
a) plasticity b) elasticity c) piezoelectric effect d) creep e) tensile strength f) stretch
Match the definitions with the appropriate term
9) a) synchondrosis b) cartilaginous joint c) diarthrotic joint d) synarthrotic joint
e) amphiarthrotic joint f) saddle joint g) synovial joint h) suture i) gliding joint j) hinge joint
k) ball-and-socket joint l) symphysis m) ellipsoid joint n) syndesmosis o) fibrous joint
a fibrous joint formed by a thin layer of dense connective tissue suture
an immovable, fibrous joint synchondrosis
a modified ellipsoid joint composed of convex and concave articulating surfaces that affords back-andforth, as well as side-to-side, motion saddle joint
a freely moveable, synovial joint diarthrotic joint
a strong, fibrous junction between two bones syndesmosis
a type of uniaxial joint that allows movement around one axis (and within one plane) hinge joint
a joint that allows a limited amount of movement amphiarthrotic joint
an amphiarthrotic joint that allows more movement between bones than a fibrous joint, but less than a
synovial joint symphysis
a triaxial synovial joint where a spherical surface of one bone fits into the dish-shaped depression of
another bone ball and socket joint
a union between two bones, formed by fibrocartilage cartilaginous joint
a type of uniaxial synovial joint situated between two flat articular surfaces hinge joint
an articular that has no synovial cavity and is bound together by dense fibrous connective tissue fibrous
joint
a joint containing a lubricating substance (synovial fluid) and lined with s synovial membrane or capsule
synovial joint
a union between two bones, formed either by hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage cartilaginous joint
a biaxial synovial joint that consist of the oval-shaped end of one bone articulating with elliptical basin of
another bone gliding joint
10.) A myofascial unit is the combined muscular and fascial elements that comprise a muscle belly ant
its tendons.
a) extracellular matrix b) reticular fiber c) osteoblast d) myofascial unit e) macrophage f) fibroblast
11.) plasticity is the capability to be altered and retain that new configuration.
a) elasticity b) thixotropic effect c) plasticity d) tensile strength e) creep f) fascial tissue
12.) piezoelectric effect is the production of electricity or electric polarity by applying a mechanical
stress to a certain crystal.
a) stretch b) plasticity c) thixotropic effect d) piezoelectric effect e) elasticity f) tensile strength
13.) A muscle’s ability to return to its original length and shape after it is shortened or lengthened is
known as elasticity
a) elastin fiber b) collagen fiber c) colloidal d) fascial tissue e) fibroblast f) elasticity g) creep
14.) A(n) osteoblast is a cell responsible for bone formation.
a) stretch b) extracellular matrix c) macrophage d) osteoblast e) reticular fiber f) thixotropic
g) fascial tissue h) myofascial unit
15.) elasticity means the capacity to recoil or rebound to an original length (or shape) after being
stretched (or deformed).
a) plasticity b) creep c) elastic d) tensile strength e) stretch f) elasticity
16.) The cell is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organism.
a) elasticity b) creep c) colloidal d) elastin fiber e) extracellular matrix f) collagen fiber
g) cell h) elastic
17.) A(n) extracellular matrix is the part of animal tissue that usually provides structural support to the
animal cells in addition to performing various other important functions.
a) fibroblast b) extracellular matrix c) reticular fiber d) myofascial unit e) macrophage f) osteoblast
Match the definitions with the appropriate term
18.) a) spongy bone b) superficial fascia c) septum d) fibrocartilage e) joint capsule f) tendon
g) lever h) periosteum i) aponeurosis j) osteoclast k) interosseous membrane l) elastic cartilage
m) fascial tissue n) compact bone o) osteoblast q) appendicular skeleton r) hyaline skeleton
m) ligament n) retinaculum o) axial skeleton
a layer of loose areolar connective tissue and adipose found in the subcutaneous layer in virtually all
regions of the body superficial fascia
a bandage-like strip of connective tissue often used to stabilize tendons retinaculum
one of the two types of osseous tissue that form bones spongy bone
the skeleton’s center including the cranium, vertebral column, ribs, sternum, and hyoid bone axial
skeleton
a cell responsible for bone formation osteoblast
a broad, flat tendon that attaches to the end of a muscle aponeurosis
the portion of the skeleton composed of the arms legs, pectoral girdle (scapulae and clavicles), and
pelvic girdle (hips) appendicular skeleton
a mixture of white fibrous tissue and cartilaginous tissue in various proportions fibrocartilage
the body’s sheets, cables, conduits, and paddings, composed of loose or dense connective tissue fascial
tissues
a fibrous tissue connecting muscle to bone tendon
the envelope surrounding a synovial joint “joint capsule”
a cell commonly found in mature bone that is actively involved in the routine turnover of bony matrix
osteocyte
also known as articular cartilage, it is a type of cartilage found on many joint surfaces hyaline cartilage
a type of bone cell that resorbs bone tissue osteoclast
a membrane that lines the outer surface of all bones, except at the joints of long bones periosteum
a broad and thin plane of fibrous tissue that separates two bones interosseous membrane
a band of connective tissue that connects bones together ligament
a type of cartilage present in the outer ear, eustachian tube, and epiglottis elastic cartilage
a simple machine that can amplify an applied force (effort) by converting it into torque lever
one of two types of osseous tissue that form bones compact bone
aponeurotic sheets that separate various muscles of the extremities septum
19.) An amorphous gel-like substance surrounding sells; formed by the non-fibrous components of the
extracellular matrix is known as ground substance
a)ground substance b) osteoblast c) macrophage d) fibroblast e) elastin fiber f) fascial tissue

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